||Palermo| Giuseppe Graviano
Born: September 30, 1963 - Palermo
Giuseppe Graviano, is a prominent mafioso from the Brancaccio quarter in Palermo. He is currently serving several life sentences. The brothers Giuseppe and Filippo Graviano became members of the Sicilian Mafia Commission for the Brancaccio-Ciaculli mandamento, substituting Giuseppe Lucchese who was in prison. As such they were among the Mafia bosses hald responsible for the murders of the Antimafia judges Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino.
Mafia bomb attacks in 1993
After the arrest of Mafia boss Totò Riina in Januari 1993, the remaining bosses, among them Giuseppe Graviano, Matteo Messina Denaro, Giovanni Brusca, Leoluca Bagarella, Antonino Gioè and Gioacchino La Barbera came together a few times (often in the Santa Flavia area in Bagheria, on an estate owned by the mafioso Leonardo Greco). They decided on a strategy to force the Italian state to retreat. That resulted in a series of bomb attacks in 1993 in the Via dei Georgofili in Florence, in Via Palestro in Milan and in the Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano and Via San Teodoro in Rome, which left 10 people dead and 93 injured as well as damage to centres of cultural heritage such as the Uffizi Gallery.
Murder of Antimafia priest
Giuseppe and Filippo Graviano ordered the murder of the Antimafia priest Pino Puglisi on September 15, 1993. Puglisi was the pastor of San Gaetano’s Parish in the rough Palermo neighborhood of Brancaccio, and spoke out against the Mafia. One of the hitmen who killed Puglisi, Salvatore Grigoli, later confessed and revealed the priest’s last words as his killers approached: “I’ve been expecting you.”
Filippo and Giuseppe Graviano were arrested on January 27, 1994 and have been in a Palermo prison since. They are convicted for the Mafia bombings in Florence and Rome in 1993 and ordering the killing of Pino Puglisi. The two jailed brothers managed to impregnate their wives despite harsh regulations forbidding conjugal visits. Investigators realised the two men had fathered children while behind bars when their wives came to visit with babies. They believe that the two men used couriers to smuggle out their sperm.
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