||Canada/ Montreal| Nicolo Rizzuto
Birth: February 18, 1924 - Cattolica Eraclea, Sicily
Death: November 10, 2010 - Montreal, Canada
Nicolo 'Zio Cola' Rizzuto was the patriarch of the Rizzuto family in Montreal, which for long was an important branch of the New York Bonanno Family. He was the father of jailed boss Vito Rizzuto.
Sicily - Canada - Venezuela
Soon Rizzuto's gang became both feared and respected, but they still worked in the shadow of another criminal organization in Montreal, the Cotroni Family. At first Rizzuto was allied with Vic Cotroni, but as the years went by both groups couldn't get allong anymore. When Paolo Violi took over from Cotroni during the early 1970's things started to get really bad. In 1974 Rizzuto eventually fled the country after hearing they wanted to kill him. He then moved to Venezuela to live with relatives and to organize a massive international drugnetwork. Together with the Cuntrera brothers (Paolo, Pasquale and Gaspare) and Alfonso Caruana they set up a network going from Venezuela and Colombia to North America and Europe. In the meanwhile Rizzuto's son Vito took his place in Montreal.
Soon Rizzuto and his Sicilian allies had enough of the Calabrian leadership inside the organization and started to take actions against them. On February 14, 1976, Violi's adviser Pietro Sciara was murdered while leaving a movie theater. One year later, while Violi was in prison, his brother Francesco was also shot dead. Violi realized that the Rizzuto's were going to take him down once he got out of jail. After being freed from prison Violi however didn't hide but returned to his favorite hangouts. The Bonanno family, which earlier had backed the Cotroni-Violi family for decades, now gave the 'ok' to take him out. On January 22, 1978, Violi was shot dead by 2 hitmen while playing cards. After his death Rizzuto returned to Montreal and claimed the throne. With backings from the Bonanno Family he didn't stumble into heavy resistance from Violi allies. Rizutto placed his son on top of the organization and then returned to Venezuela to continue his drug trafficking ring with the Cuntrera-Caruana family. In 1988 he was eventually arrested together with Frederico Del Peschio and 2 others for drug trafficking. He was sentenced to 8 years and was released after serving 5. He returned to Montreal permanently in 1993.
The Rizzuto challenge
Rizzuto, who worked as a senior adviser to his son and fellow mafiosi, had his headquarters at the Consenza Social Club, a north-end Montreal café. A couple of years later this would be the place where the RCMP had hidden camera's and microphones to investigate the families large drug involvement. In 2006, after a 4 year investigation, Nicolo Rizzuto and about 70 others were arrested during a crackdown dubbed "Project Colisée". On September 18, 2008, 84 year old Rizzuto and six others pleaded guilty to racketeering related offenses. He was sentenced to 3 years probation and walked away as a 'free' man. Four other high ranking members of the Rizzuto family weren't so lucky and were sentenced between 6 and 15 years.
On November 10, 2010, Nicolo Rizzuto was shot by a sniper while sitting in his house. He was rushed to the hospital but died when arriving there. Rizzuto was seen as a retiring member, but was most likely murdered because he was still seen as an icon of the organization.
(Source: www.canada.com, news.nationalpost.com, www.cbc.ca, www.montrealgazette.com, "The Sixth Family" by Adrian Humphreys; Underworld: Montreal" National Geographic series)
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