|Detroit|  Anthony Giacalone

Birth: January 19, 1919 - Detroit

Death: February 24, 2001 - Michigan

Anthony Giacalone was a member of the Detroit Partnership and was related to Sam Catalanotte, an early Detroit mobster who controlled all Mafia activity during Prohibition. Giacalone was also reputidly involved in the dissapearance of Jimmy Hoffa.

Early Life and convictions
Anthony Joseph Giacalone was born in Detroit as one of 7 children. At his young teens he often helped his father, who sold vegetables for a living. Giacalone was arrested for the first time in 1937 for stealing cars, however, charges dropped the day after. Sometime later that year he was arrested again for charge of rape, but again the charges were dropped nog long after. In 1941 he was arrested again for armed robbery but as it was meant to be, 22 year old Giacalone again escaped prosecution. By the 1950's he worked as a delivery boy for Peter Licavoli. Between 1950 and 1952 Anthony got arrested a few time for being involved in illegal gambling.

After about 14 arrests his first conviction was yet to come. In 1954 he was brought in for a failed attempt to bribe a police officer. This crime resulted in an 8 month sentence. From then on the FBI started to watch Giacalone and his brother Vito, who was running gambling operations in Detroit and Toledo. On August 18, 1962, the Giacalone brothers organized a trip to Cleveland where they would go and watch a NFL game between the Detroit Lions and the Dallas Cowboys. Amongst the men present during the trip were Joseph Zerilli, Peter Vitale and Carl Thomas, all well known gangsters. As the bus left Detroit the FBI kept an eye on their trip. At one point the police stopped the bus in Toledo and demanded everyone to identify, they however only managed to see the identification of the driver. It was later stated that in their return from the game they were joined by players of the Detroit Lions, from which some of them were frequent gamblers and friends of the Giacalone brothers.

Rise inside the Partnership
During the years to come Giacalone's fame and reputation went straight up. During that time Pete Licavoli was having troubles with the government due to unpaid taxes. While Licavoli was in jail Joe Zerilli vouched Giacalone to collect his cut of the action. After Zerilli retired and left day to day business to his son Anthony, Giacalone was closely affiliated with the Detroit Outfit leadership. Tony Giacalone After most of the "old-timers" retired, such as Bill Tocco, Joe Zerilli and Angelo Meli, it was time for new blood. Giacalone belonged to the new generation of gangsters to take the lead, but Pete Licavoli, one of the few original leaders left, stood in the way. This led to conflict within the Outfit. While the FBI wiretaped the Giacalone headquarters they overheared Anthony making accusations towards Licavoli saying "I don't think he is any better than anyone else." and "He aint even one of use", referring to Licavoli who was actually made into a St. Louis family.

As the new generation slowly took over the organization, they also found troubles with another elder Detroit member, Santo Perrone. Anthony Zerilli and Giacalone wanted Perrone to get in line, but he refused. On January 19, 1962, Perrone was almost killed by a car bomb. The FBI knew Giacalone was behind the killing because they had heared the plotting conversations through the bugs planted in their headquarters. They however couldn't do anything about it because wiretaping was illegal. Soon after Giacalone plotted a second attack which was eventually dismissed after Perrone was hospitalized for cancer.

The Hoffa association
In 1963 Giacalone began an affair with a woman named Sylvia Paris. Sylvia was no stranger to the Outfit because she had numerous dates and boyfriends within the organization from the 1940's on. Through Sylvia Giacalone he also came in contact with Jimmy Hoffa, with who'm Sylvia have had an affair. Giacalone became the man in the middle for the Outfit and Hoffa after Vincent Meli refused to deal with Hoffa to keep his good name. Hoffa however was an important associate to the Outfit as for example he donated them $10 million so they could invest in a Las Vegas casino. However, many didn't like Hoffa for what he did after he found out his wife was having an affair with Tony Cimini. After Hoffa heared about his cheating wife he went to see Anthony Zerilli. Sometime later Cimini was arrested and convicted for his part in a stock fraud scheme, although Cimini reportedly had nothing to do with that.

Hoffa dissapeared in 1975 after he reputidly went to meet Giacalone. He also immediatly became one of the suspects in the dissapearance. Because the evidence provided against Giacalone wasn't good enough they took him on fraud. His first charge of fraud was for his dealings with a Teamster medical coverage plan. Later on they took him on unpaid taxes. After a long trial he was found guilty in 1976 and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. A couple of years later Giacalone was again trialed for loansharking and recieved another 12 years in addition. He served most of his years in an Alabama prison but was transfered in 1983 so the elder though guy could be closer to his family. Giacalone died on February 24, 2001, at the age of 82 from kidney disease.

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